Mar 12.2021Raspberry Pi written by Ionut Tutica
It is easy to use and remains a top choice and one of the most popular Raspberry Pi Linux distributions.
Ubuntu has released version 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa of its operating system and guarantees support for the next 5 years for the server version and the desktop version. But an official version has appeared for all 32-bit and 64-bit Raspberry Pi models.
1. IntroductionWith this little article we address rather users who are still using Windows 10, and who, finally, want to take the step towards the Linux world and discover a new universe. Old men with beards who have been running Debian or ArchLinux for decades, you are not the target of this tutorial.
2. Equipment- Raspberry Pi 4 with 4 GB of RAM - Pi3 is too slow
- 32GB SD card class 10 HC1- personally I used 64GB
- Ordinary peripherals for Raspberry Pi, mouse, keyboard, power supply, HDMI display, Ethernet cable.
For the installation of Ubuntu, we did not use the wireless network, we recommend you to use Ethernet cable, to connect to the download servers.
You must first download the operating system image. We recommend that you download the 64-bit hinge and show you how to install and operate it.
From here you can download Ubuntu PI 4 64-bit version.Download Ubuntu PI4 64-bit version
You can easily put the (.img) Ubuntu image on your microSD card from your Windows, Linux and macOS operating system using BalenaEtcher, which you can download.Download WindowsDownload MacDownload Linux
Launch Etcher and select the image file and SD card. The process will take a few minutes, and when Etcher is complete, you can remove your card from your computer.
4. InstallationInsert the card into the Raspberry Pi card connector. Connect all cables (last power supply).
You will see a text scrolling on the screen ... Please wait, and after a while this text will appear at the top of the screen:
Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS ubuntu tty1
Log in to the default user with the default credentials:
Then the first time you log in, you will be prompted to change this UNIX password. Initially enter ubuntu, then you can modify it.
You are required to change your password immediately (root enforced)
Changing password for ubuntu.
(current) UNIX password: _
5. Desktop configuration
Now we can move on to the step of installing the desktop.
Start by updating the system
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt upgrade
Answer Yes if you are prompted to validate the installation. Once updated, now go to the desktop installation:
$ sudo apt installs ubuntu-desktop
Answer Yes again to authorize the installation, and now the installation begins ... so go and drink a coffee that can take 15 to 30 minutes.
At the end of the installation type you only need to call that
$ sudo reboot
On the Raspberry Pi screen, graphical mode begins, so the installation is complete.
In conclusion, Ubuntu for the Raspberry Pi is an excellent general-purpose operating system with a complete desktop environment and a large community full of resources.