Nov 03.2020Linux written by Iulian Dinita
Ubuntu MATE is the best solution to discovering and using Linux every day.
Developed by Canonical, Ubuntu MATE is an accessible and easy-to-use Linux distribution. With a strong community, Ubuntu is perfect for everyday use, either on the desktop or on the laptop and more recently on the Raspberry PI. But we will talk about installing on Raspberry in another article.
Due to its simplicity, Ubuntu MATE is considered an alternative to Windows 10, even if other distributions such as Manjaro or Linux Mint are worth trying, especially for beginners.
4. Desktop configuration
Today we will see how to install Ubuntu MATE on an empty computer or on a Windows computer already installed.
The goal is not to make Ubuntu / Windows dual boot, but to replace Windows with Ubuntu MATE as the main operating system.
You must first download the operating system image. From here you can download the 64-bit version of Ubuntu MATE.
Download Ubuntu MATE x64
You can easily put the Ubuntu (.iso) image on your USB microSD card in the Windows, Linux and macOS operating system using BalenaEtcher, which you can download.
Download BalenaEtcher for Windows
Download BalenaEtcher for Mac
Download BalenaEtcher for Linux
Launch Etcher and select the image file and SD card. The process will take a few minutes, and when Etcher is complete, you can remove your card from your computer.
Turn on the computer on the Ubuntu installation USB drive.
Click Install Ubuntu MATE to begin installing the operating system.
Wait while it loads and check the distribution packages.
Select and launch the Ubuntu installer. Select your preferred language, then click the Install Now button.
You can also test Ubuntu MATE without installing it by selecting - Try Ubuntu (the data needed to run the operating system will be copied to RAM), then launch the installation from the desktop icon.
Indicate and select the layout of the keyboard: eg English(US)-English(US) and then press continue.
On the next screen, you can select the following options:
* Normal or minimal installation. The minimal installation installs the system base, graphical environment, a web browser and a few tools and removes about 80 packages, including Thunderbird, Transmission, Rythmbox, LibreOffice, Cheese or Shotwell.
* Download updates while installing Ubuntu.
Install third-party software for graphics hardware and Wi-Fi and additional media formats: install the ubuntu-restricted-addons package (which contains audio and video codecs) and the drivers needed to support Wi-Fi and graphics cards.
Select Erase Disk and install Ubuntu. then click Install Now. Please note, all data on your disk will be permanently deleted!
Select the country, then click Continue.
Enter your username, password, computer name, and click Continue.
The installation takes more or less time depending on the performance of your system (CPU, SSD or HDD ...).
- After the installation is complete, click Restart Now to restart your computer.
- Remove the USB key from the computer, then press ENTER.
- Turn on the computer and then wait while Ubuntu loads.
- When logging in, log in with your username.
- If necessary, log in to your Ubuntu, Google, Nextcloud or Microsoft account so that you can access your data online. Otherwise, click Skip.
Ubuntu is now configured, click the Done button. Welcome to Ubuntu MATE! Install updates released since the release of Ubuntu MATE. To install applications, use Ubuntu software or the APT package manager.